The National Flag

The national flag of Japan is called the Nisshoki, that is “the flag of the rising sun.” The sun is represented by a red circle at the center.

The design had been used on shrine flags and banners for many years before being adapted to a flag for indicating the nationality of Japanese ships in the sixteenth century.

height="180"So well did the flag match the name of the country (meaning place from where the sun rises) that it was formally designated as the national flag for use on merchant ships in 1870.

In its official size the flag has hoist of two against a fly of three and the sun is a circle whose center is the center of the flag and whose diameter is three fifths the hoist.

As Japan has no officially designated national emblem, the need for one is most often filled by one or the other of two Imperial Crests, a sixteen-petaled chrysanthemum mark or by a mark consisting of a paulownia leaf and flower.

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【国旗】

日本の国旗は日章旗といい、赤い円は太陽を表す。

昔から神社の旗やのぼりに用いられ、16世紀ごろから日本を表す旗として船に揚げられた。「太陽の出る所」という意味の国号(日本)とも合致するので、1870年に商船に揚げる国旗として制定された。

国旗としての正式寸法は、縦横比が2対3、日章の直径は縦の長さの3/5 日章旗は旗面の中央となっている。

国章は日本では定められていないので、皇室の五問である16弁の菊花あるいは桐のマークを国章の代わりに使うことがある。

引用:cafe21
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